Sciatica is pain that affects the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is a large nerve that runs from the lower back down to the legs. Sciatica occurs when the nerve is compressed or irritated. In most cases, sciatica affects one side of the body.
Although sciatica is often severe pain, most cases of this issue can go away with non-surgical treatments. However, if it causes significant leg weakness or bladder and bowel changes, then you may have to seek the assistance of a reliable Jersey City orthopedics services provider for surgery. Below are some of the essential things that you should know about sciatica.
Symptoms of Sciatica
Sciatica is usually associated with pain radiating from the lower back through the buttocks to the legs. Depending on the part of the nerve that is affected, sciatic pain can affect the foot and even the toes. Patients usually experience discomfort throughout the path of the sciatic nerve. Some of the symptoms that are commonly associated with sciatic nerve pain include:
- Lower back pain
- A pain in the rear part of the leg that worsens when you are sitting
- Hip pain
- Burning sensation or tingling down the leg
- Numbness, weakness, or difficulty moving the foot or the leg
- Shooting pain that makes it hard to stand
In some cases, the pain can be severe and debilitating, while in other cases, it can be infrequent and irritating, but it usually has the potential to get worse. All in all, you must seek the assistance of a doctor if you are experiencing numbness in the lower thighs, weakness in the lower extremity, and loss of bowel or bladder control.
What are the Causes of Sciatica?
Sciatica usually occurs when the roots of the lower lumbar and lumbosacral spine are irritated. Furthermore, the issue can be caused by issues such as:
- Lumbar spinal stenosis
- Degenerative disk disease
- Muscle spasm in the buttocks or the back
Being overweight, lack of exercise, wearing high heels, and sleeping on an uncomfortable mattress, among other issues that put pressure on the lower back, can also contribute to sciatica.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Sciatica is usually diagnosed by conducting physical exams and doing imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI, CT Scans, and EMG. Treatment usually involves physical therapy, steroid injections, surgery, or medication such as muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatories, narcotics, and anti-seizure medications, among others.
The Bottom Line
Overall, it is apparent that sciatic nerve pain can be debilitating. It is also clear that it can result from several causes. The good news is that this is an issue that can be treated in many ways. In some cases, it can go away without surgical treatments, while in some severe cases, your doctor may recommend that you go for surgery. If you are looking for a reliable orthopedic surgeon to help you with sciatic nerve pain in Clifton, NJ, Garden State pain Control is an excellent medical facility to consider. Feel free to contact or visit them today for more information about their practitioners and services.