Pinpointing the Cause of Back Pain

Back pain is among the most common health issues that people face. In order for a doctor to properly treat their patient, they must understand why the patient is experiencing the pain. To help in this process, patients should look into the most common causes for back pain so they can try and figure out the source of their pain. Regardless of whether back pain is in the lower, middle or upper area of the back, it is important to pinpoint the cause.

Common Causes for Back Pain

Muscle Strains

The most frequent cause for back pain is a muscle strain. Muscle strains are caused by events that trigger a muscle spasm in the back. Although muscle strains aren’t too serious, they are the leading cause of back pain, which is painful and frustrating. Muscle strains are generally caused by a specific accident or it may be due to the overuse of joints, ligaments or muscles.

Ruptured Discs

Another frequent cause of back pain is due to ruptured disks, which are also referred to as herniated, bulging, or slipped discs. The disks in our back can degenerate and rupture if the inner cores of the disks start to leak out. These injuries can be caused by sudden strain or pressure on the back or by repeated movements or vibrations.


Arthritis is most commonly known for affecting joints with examples including wrists, knees, ankles and fingers but can have an impact on any joint within the body, which includes the joints located in the spine.


This type of arthritis most commonly affects the spine, specifically, the tiny joints.

Ankylosing spondylitis

Isn’t as common as other types of arthritis but is caused by the inflammation of the joints between the bones of the spine and spine and pelvis.


This is a condition where back pain is caused by a defect, which causes pressure to be placed on spinal nerves. This occurs due to a forward dislocation of a vertebra.

Discogenic back pain

When an intervertebral disc is damaged but not to the point of herniation, it is referred to discogenic back pain. This type of back pain generally causes lower back pain

Spinal Stenosis

Common for the elderly population is spinal stenosis, which is caused when the spinal canal becomes tight and becomes constricted.


When the vertebrae becomes fractured, it can be the result of a blunt force or direct impact on the spine, auto accident or by an event that is responsible for compressing the spine.

Compression Fractures

Those with weakened spines due to osteoporosis or extended use of corticosteroids can experience compression fractures from any type of light force.

Spinal Deformities

Deformities of the spine are caused by curvature problems such as kyphosis, which refers to a forward bend or scoliosis, which refers to a sideways bend.

Information brought to you on behalf of David W Nadler & Associates with help from writer, Sarah Smith.

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