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What is Dermatology?



Dermatology is an area of medicine that is often forgotten as unlike a GP, who can see you about anything if you don’t need to see a dermatologist, you won’t use them.

Dermatology is an area of medicine that deals with the skin, whether it is a condition, a disease or just something uncommon, dermatology looks into all areas of skin and skin diseases, investigating both the medical and surgical treatments. Secondly, dermatology deals with hair, sweat glands, and other parts of the body.

An individual who works in dermatology is called a Dermatologist. The job of a dermatologist involves them taking care of diseases, as well as cosmetic problems, to do with the skin, scalp, hair, and nails. To become a dermatologist, you must undertake a medical degree and then complete four years of training. The training is split into several steps, which involve: a medical or surgical intern year followed by up to three years in a dermatology residency.

Dermatologists can deal with all manner of skin complaints and conditions from the aging process to rare forms of skin cancer. There are many conditions, however, that it is unnecessary to see a dermatologist about as a GP can diagnose them just as quickly these common conditions include: blackheads, cold sores, carbuncles, eczema, acne, and moles. A dermatologist is called to see a patient when the GP cannot diagnose what the symptoms might be. If someone is sent to a dermatologist, then depending on their symptoms, they will be taken through a variety of tests to see where their issue lies. There many treatments that a patient could undergo to find a cause and cure for their problem; these treatments could be topical, systematic, or laser therapy.

Topical treatment is usually used to help against eczema and rosacea. This kind of therapy is often referred to as ‘topical steroids’ or ‘steroid cream.’ Topical medication contains corticosteroids, which are synthetic versions of hormones. They are called topical, as they are applied directly to the skin.

Systemic treatment is followed up after topical treatment. If conditions have not responded to topical therapy, then a systematic treatment is used. Rather than applying the medication directly to the skin, a routine procedure is taken in tablet form or as an injection. This type of treatment needs to be monitored often due to the high risk of side effects. There is a chance that symptoms may reappear once the medication is stopped or completed. The three types of systemic therapy include Cyclosporine, Retinoids, and Methotrexate.

Laser therapy can also be used to treat skin conditions and may be used for several reasons. The main reasons for its use are to help reduce the signs of aging and to help fight off warts. Laser therapy involves a beam of light aimed at the skin, which helps fight off the infection, leaving little or no scarring.