There is an ever-growing number of dermal fillers available for treatment of wrinkles and other cosmetic issues. Determining which is the best for a particular individual depends solely on that person’s needs. Different dermal fillers are good for different facial areas and problems. One type of filler is used for deep wrinkles, while a completely different type is used for shallower wrinkles. There are approximately 15 popular dermal filler options available to consumers at this time, all with different chemical properties and all used for different purposes.
Permanent Dermal Fillers
There are a few different kinds of permanent dermal fillers. One type entails injecting silicon directly into the skin. This controversial procedure has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for aesthetic use. A second type of permanent dermal filler, however, has been approved for use on the nasolabial folds. This one is comprised of poly (methyl) methacrylate and collagen and microspheres. It works by leaving the microspheres behind when the collagen is reabsorbed into the body.
Blood Based Fillers
One of the most widely utilized types of dermal fillers is the blood-based filler. This filler uses the patient’s own blood to become more compatible with that individual’s body and to stimulate the growth of collagen. It is used for laugh lines, frown lines that appear between the brows, acne and post surgical scars. The results can last up to 18 months and there is no risk of adverse allergic reactions.
A well-known dermal filler that is used for deep folds around the mouth is a calcium-based filler that is created from calcium hydroxylapatite microspheres. It not only stimulates collagen production. It also adds volume to folds and wrinkles. Results can last up to one year. This option tends to be less expensive than blood based fillers.
Hyaluronic Acid Fillers
Dermal fillers that contain Hayaluronic acid are used to plump the skin. Their composition of complex sugars hold water much like a sponge. This type of filler is sold under a variety of brand names. Most recently, manufacturers have added a numbing agent to the original formula to make the injections less painful. The first treatment usually lasts up to six months. However, subsequent treatments can last up to one year.
Poly-L-Lactic Acid Fillers
This type of filler was developed for use in patients who were experiencing facial wasting as a result of a disease. It is a synthetic filler that is made from the same compound as that used in the manufacture of resorbable stitches. Poly-L-lactic acid is biodegradable and biocompatible and works to replace collagen that has been lose in the treatment area. It lasts up to two years and is noted for looking very natural. It has an affect on the entire face rather than on particular problem areas.
Peter Wendt is a writer from Austin, TX. His sister is a cosmetic dermatologist that offers dermal fillers at her Boca Raton dermatology practice.