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What Common Eye Conditions Usually Require Treatment By A Doctor?



While there are eye problems that can be solved by simple over the counter or home remedies, there are a handful that will need the attention of a health care professional, especially an eye care expert. These eye conditions can potentially signal a more severe disease or can lead to more severe effects. Let’s take a look at some of the most common eye conditions that will need the intervention of a doctor, as compiled by WebMD.

  • Trauma

Trauma to the eyes will need immediate attention by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Trauma can lead to bleeding inside the eye as an effect of ruptured blood vessels. This can also cause retinal detachment. Both of these instances can lead to serious vision impairment.

  • Abrasion

This usually happens when a foreign object gets into the eye and rubs the conjunctiva or cornea, which can lead to the removal of some surface tissue. A risk of fungal or bacterial infection and contamination can occur.

  • Chemical exposure

Read: The Gift of Sight

Exposing the eye to fumes, cleaning solutions, or chemicals, especially when they get into contact with the eye, will need immediate physician evaluation. This should be initially run with water or any other irrigating solution.

  • Keratitis

This is the inflammation of the cornea, which can take place alone or accompanied by conjunctivitis. This can be noninfectious or infections (as a result of bacteria, fungus, parasite, or virus) in origin. Its symptoms include light intolerance (photophobia) blurred vision and pain.

  • Corneal swelling

Otherwise known as corneal edema, this condition is a result of the accumulation of fluids inside the cornea, causing visual disturbances like halos around lights and reduced vision. This can also be a complication of surgical damage to the cornea, improper use of contact lenses, or an inherited defect. Drops or ointments can relieve the swelling, but it will still require additional evaluation and intervention by a doctor.

  • Uveitis

This is an inflammation of the uveal tract, composed of the iris along with the structures of the eye where the iris attaches. This can be caused by trauma or inflammation in other body parts, which can manifest with eye pain, light sensitivity, visual blurring, and tearing.

  • Acute angle-closure glaucoma

This eye condition is caused by a blockage in the draining system of the aqueous fluid inside the eyes. Because of this, the fluid can accumulate in the eye, and pressure can increase. Acute angle-closure glaucoma can also develop in people who have an overcrowding of the anatomy in the front of their eyes. This is more common in those who are farsighted. Some of its symptoms include severe eye pain or headache, which is commonly accompanied by vomiting and nausea. This can also cause the vision to get blurry.

If you are suffering the symptoms said above and are suspecting that you have any of these eye problems, it would be best that you seek a doctor’s expertise and case as soon as you can. Remember that some of the damages that these conditions can cause the eye are irreversible.