When you have missing teeth, your facial structure is left vulnerable to bone reduction over time. Since the root of the tooth is not helping to support your jaw bone, it can deteriorate over time. Your bone needs to be in regular use in order to keep it from atrophy, similarly to how muscles have to be exercised in order to keep their strength and elasticity. When your bones are not in use, they can reduce to the point of facial collapse. This is what sometimes happens under the use of dentures.
While implants direct the force of your chewing and biting to the bones, dentures absorb the force and also spread it over your gums. Not only does this create wear and tear on your dentures, it also can cause pain to your gums, as they are not designed to sustain that impact.
In the meantime, the bones are not being stimulated to the proper bone remodeling, which is a process wherein old bone cells are destroyed and new cells replace them. In fact, many patients who have dentures have to get a new pair more than once in their lifetime, as the bone reduction makes their old dentures fit loosely. In Calgary, dental implants correct this bone reduction issue by integrating your facial bone structure back into the chewing process.
Implants can be used to anchor your dentures, install a single false tooth, or install an entire tooth prosthesis. Dental implants in Calgary are titanium rods that are placed down in a cavity in your jaw bone. If you have had a recent tooth extraction, it will be placed in the existing hole.
If your teeth have been missing for years and your bone has already grown into that space, your dental surgeon will create a socket in which to place the implant. When the rod is placed, the bone goes to work growing around it to fill in the space.
Over the course of several weeks, the bone fuses to the implant, making it a part of the facial structure. Your false tooth, dentures, or implant arch is affixed to the implant by way of an abutment piece. Then, the implant provides an anchor which distributes the impact of your biting and chewing throughout your bone.
Dental implants in Calgary can be immediately put to use, even though the full grafting process can take up to six months. Some choose to replace a single missing tooth by way of a bridge rather than an implant.
While bone loss will likely not be as much of a problem due to the proper usage of the remaining teeth, there are still concerns in having a bridge. A bridge fuses the new tooth to two surrounding crowns, which are placed over the teeth on either side to suspend the new tooth in place. First, this requires that the surrounding teeth be reduced, or drilled down, in order for the crowns to fit properly. It also results in a more difficult set of teeth to clean.
You will not be able to floss between the crowns and the false tooth, and this can lead to cavities in between your false and your natural teeth. It can also result in gum disease around that tooth, especially in the spaces where your brush cannot reach. With an individual implant, the spaces around the false tooth remain open just enough for your dental floss to slide in and complete your effective cleaning.
Another beneficial aspect of dental implants in Calgary is that they look like natural teeth. Your dentist will shape them to be the correct width and height to match your surrounding teeth.