One of the most commonly practiced cosmetic surgical procedures is facelifts. For decades, aging has been a common concern as well among people of all sexes and races, and Rhytidectomy, the technical name for a facelift is the solution to correct problems that come with age, exposure to the sun, and the stresses of life.
With aging, effects of gravity can be seen as wrinkles on the face, dry skin, drooping upper eyelids, overall muscle flaccidity, and other signs. Facelifts improve firmness, and muscle tone by removing the excess fat and redraping the skin. Most surgeons recommend this procedure when there are more than two facial problems requiring an intervention, but also for long-lasting results.
Results of facelift procedures last from 5 to 10 years, enhancing appearance, self-confidence, and esteem. Rhytidectomy is recommended for women and men over 40, and those younger who are exposed to extreme weather conditions, sun, or environments causing dry skin and/or severe wrinkles. In fact, adolescents can undergo this surgery when it is needed for any reason.
Facelifts: What to Expect
Facelifts restore a youthful appearance, after a complex procedure that takes several hours to be performed. As it occurs, with other facial procedures, patients may undergo surgery with local anesthesia or general sedation. After surgery, some patients may require a short stay under observation, but most people go back home immediately and return to work within the next 2 or 3 weeks.
Although people look younger after facelifts, candidates for this surgery should keep realistic expectations. Skin which is severely damaged by aging will improve its appearance but will not recover the characteristics of teenage skin, and after surgery, it is necessary to limit sun exposure for several months to avoid new wrinkles or undesirable pigmentation.
Types of Facelifts
Facelift procedures have different variations, including deep plane lift, mid facelift, and thread lift. The difference between them depends on the type of incision, area of the face, number of tissue layers to be treated during the facelift, and invasiveness of the procedure. In all cases, common side effects are temporary numbness, swelling, bruising, and tenderness of the skin.
Many people may experience dry skin and a tight feeling all over the face, while men could expect hair growth behind their ears, as a result of the skin repositioned at beard-growing. Although there are few risks associated with facelifts, bleeding, infection and poor healing are the most commonly expected. In a few cases injury to the nerves that control facial muscles may occur, temporary or permanently.
Aesthetic problems are common to defective facelifts procedures and may include excessive scarring and change or asymmetry in the hairline. When patients have varying facial conditions, surgeons may recommend different surgeries for each area to avoid these problems or other risks or side effects.
In normal conditions, scars resulting from a facelift are usually hidden by people’s hair or blended in the natural creases of the ears and face, although scars in all surgical and non-surgical circumstances tend to fade with time. After surgery, the face looks pale and bruised as normal as a post-operative condition, but after a few weeks, people can enjoy their new youthful appearance for many years.