Neurological surgery is a medical discipline in which qualified doctors train and become specialists in treating disease and trauma to the brain, spine, peripheral nerves and arteries of the neck. Surgeons specializing in neurological surgery are involved in providing surgical and non-surgical treatments, the determination of which is based on what is best based on the diagnosis of the surgeon.
What a Neurosurgeon does
A neurosurgeon can undertake the care of a patient from the diagnosis of a medical condition to treatment and on to rehabilitation of a patient. In order to find a diagnosis of conditions affecting a patient a neurosurgeon often uses non-surgical techniques, including computer assisted tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. In the 21st century the medical discipline of microneurosurgery has reduced the size of incisions required to treat brain, neck and back problems.
Included in the medical conditions treated by neurological surgeons are back problems, such as spinal disc herniation and lumbar spine stenosis; trauma injuries are often treated by neurosurgeons, including both spinal and head trauma. Problems with discs and spinal cord problems can be difficult for patients as they can result in painful or loss of feeling in the arms, legs and extremities of the body. Medical conditions affecting the brain are also treated by neurosurgeons ; American neurosurgeon Harvey Williams Cushing, often described as the father of modern neurosurgery was a pioneer in improving the survival rates of brain surgery patients in the early years of the 20th century.
Neurological surgery is not limited to treatment of the brain, neck or back but can include treating the peripheral nerves of the body. Carpal tunnel syndrome and cubital tunnel syndrome, when a nerve is pinched at the wrist and elbow respectively are commonly treated by neurosurgeons. Peripheral nerve problems can also include the severing of nerves during traumatic accidents and tumors affecting the peripheral nerves. Medical conditions affecting the brain and central nervous system are now treated by neurological surgery, these conditions include Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease that are often treated using experimental neurosurgical techniques.
Training for a career in neurological surgery takes a number of years after completing medical school, usually between six and seven years. Because of the nature of many of the conditions treated by neurosurgeons other members of the medical profession commonly refer patients to neurosurgeons. Neurosurgeons are often on call for emergency rooms so they are available to make decisions on whether surgery is required to treat the medical problem.
Dr. Fayaz is a skilled Neurosurgeon located in Houston, TX. His patients receive a high level of quality and care from his knowledgeable staff and surgical team.