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Symptoms of Allergy in Children



WHO estimates that nearly 25% of the global population has got some allergy. Research now shows that many of these allergies first start appearing during infancy or one’s childhood. In fact, according to ACAAI, American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, allergic reactions rank in as the top chronic diseases in children. Even though these findings suggest that just about any child can become allergic, it seems that families with allergy history pass on the trait to their progeny rather quickly.

An allergy that is caught early on can, in most cases, be controlled and eventually neutralized. While allergy in children is usually an inherited trait, here are some of the symptoms of allergies that can help parents catch it in the nascent stages and stop it from becoming a chronic problem.

Skin Irritations 

Parents believe that irritations of the skin around the elbows, knees are because of children falling too frequently. Reality is that any localized irritation of this nature near the folding areas of the skin is a good sign of allergic reaction. Moreover, when rashes accompany irritation of this nature near the eyes or dryness of skin elsewhere, it is most definitely because of an allergy. Plants such as Poison Ivy can cause such symptoms.

Itchy Nose 

A running nose is normal in kids as their immune system is not developed sufficiently to tackle common cold. However, a running nose with localized itching around the nasal area is a definite indicator of allergy. The majority of airborne allergens cause this kind of symptom in children.

Chronic Cough 

Coughing is a case of cold and should be accordingly treated. However, when the cough persists in a child, and it does not respond to cold medication, the chances are that an allergy is causing it. Persistent cough with dryness or with phlegm in the mouth is an allergic reaction to some airborne or dermatitis allergen. The blockage of the nose that does not decrease over a week is also included in this list of symptoms for allergy in children.

Frequent Sinus Infections 

Cold of a chronic nature should not be taken as bad luck as it is a definite sign of an allergy in the child. The sinus area shall remain blocked off with fluids, which in turn will lead to infection if left alone, increasing the chance of catching secondary allergies. Moreover, children with a blocked nose and sore throat should be taken to the pediatrician immediately as it can lead to rheumatism later on or even heart murmur. However, “a cold” due to an allergy will not go away with regular medication as it requires anti-allergen treatment.

Allergy or Sickness? 

The above symptoms of allergies in children come quite close to common pediatric illnesses. So how can one differentiate between the two? The most crucial point to remember here is that if symptoms such as running nose, cold, and cough appear rather quickly in a matter of minutes or hours, then it is because of an allergic reaction. Still, when cold or fever takes time, it is usually viral or bacterial.