Optic nerve hypoplasia is a medical condition that stems from the underdevelopment of the optic nerve in the brain. This is the nerve that transmits signals from the eyes to the brain for processing and is, therefore, very crucial to your ability to see. This condition causes an anomaly in the development of the optic nerve. This impairs the ability of this nerve to transmit signals to the brain properly. The result of this is impairment in the acuity of vision in one or both of the eyes.
The malformation in the optic nerve can also cause the brain to lose control over the movement of the eyes. This can result in either the involuntary movement of the eyes or an inability to align both eyes at the same time. The condition has so far baffled researchers, and they have been unable to come up with an optic nerve hypoplasia treatment.
Stem cell therapy is the use of stem cells as a treatment for some underlying condition. A stem cell is a source of the purest genetic material possible in the body. They contain the entire DNA code of the person. These cells do not differentiate into a specific cell type as with most other cells. They differentiate through cell division to produce sister cells that can differentiate into anything else. As a result, their genetic code does not change and remains true to the entire genetic composition of the person.
For this reason, they offer considerable insight into the workings of the human body. The stem cells can be sourced from placentas, which are normally discarded at birth. This has helped the medical community to research into complex diseases.
Stem cell therapy may offer a potential cure for optic nerve hypoplasia treatment. The insights that have been gained from research conducted using stem cells are showing immense potential to address medical conditions that are genetic in origin. This is because such diseases can only be cured using a form of gene therapy. This is used to correct the genetic anomaly that causes the conditions in the first place. All of this has been made possible because stem cell research has gotten a boost from stem cell banks. These are facilities that source the cells from such sources as maternities and store them for scientific research. This is necessary because such cells are hard to get in the body and extraction from a living person can be extremely dangerous.