Many specialties and departments exist in medical science, but they are all grouped into two categories namely the physicians with other specialties and surgeons. It is interesting to know that the work of other physicians and surgeons are not the same but interrelated. Physicians usually diagnose ailments, prescribe drugs, and treat their patients. However, when there are internal fractures and the need for surgical operations arises, the service of surgeons is greatly needed.
Surgeons treat patients using what is called an invasive method; this simply means that they cut open the body of their patients and treat broken bones, tumors, cancer, and even remove diseased parts. Both humans and animals can undergo surgery and therefore the work of surgeons is a vast one. However, in some cases, physicians can also perform surgery if they study the interconnection between the two extremes. Surgery can be done on the tooth, foot, and internal parts of the body.
What it takes to become a Surgeon
Surgery requires precision and accuracy and therefore surgeons ought to be careful at each point of time. This is the reason why it is a profession for responsible and mentally sharp people. Besides, diagnosing an ailment and determining its exact position in a patient’s body are not easy to come by. Surgeons use sophisticated equipment in performing their duties. Technology has also helped the work of surgeons greatly; better and much more enhanced means of surgery are discovered as days go by.
Every surgeon normally spends four years in the university studies and five years of residency which totals a minimum of nine years of study in the United States of America. However, in some cases, the number of years taken may be higher.
Different Divisions Present in Surgery
Surgery has different divisions and compartments which consist of specific activities carried out in each of them. General surgery deals with the surgery of breast, abdomen, body functions, digestive systems, hormonal systems, and so on. It is a very broad division of surgery. Colon and rectal surgery focus on anus, colon, rectum, and intestines. This surgery is done in order to correct or forestall hemorrhoids, cancer, and many more ailments.
Neurological surgery is done on the brain and related organs; this aspect of surgery requires extreme care in order to achieve optimum results. Gynecology is a form of surgery that deals with reproductive organs and encompasses obstetrics which focuses on women’s pregnancy.
Ophthalmic surgery deals with the eye and glands related to it. Orthopedic surgery focuses on the muscles, bones, and joints. Fractures in these parts of the human body are fixed through surgery. Otolaryngology focuses and performs the operation in ears, larynx, nose, tongue, neck, and so on. Plastic or cosmetic surgery changes the appearance of the skin and repairs damaged parts to grant a rejuvenated look to them. There are many more forms of surgery and the list continues with the advanced research on the diverse areas.
Surgery is a lucrative job for those who dare to do it. Not many people would love to be involved in surgery work no matter how hefty it pays. The employment opportunity for professional surgeons is very high above the normal value for other jobs. Needless to say, surgeons are paid higher than any other profession. The demand for their job gives good reasons for their huge salaries.
Being a surgeon, it means to be a world for both the patients and the surgeon himself. He needs to harvest a perfect blend of fortitude and astuteness in order to excel in his field chosen.