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Can Poor Vision be Inherited?




Parents who have visual problems are worried about their children getting the same condition. Some studies say that visual conditions can be purely genetic, environmental, or a combination of both. However, others claim that there is no way that genetics and poor vision is related.

According to some experts, vision problems like myopia and hyperopia have a strong genetic component. This is especially true for children with parents who are severely nearsighted or farsighted. If both parents have this condition, their children will most likely develop the same. However, there are some environmental factors that may trigger the problem.

Vision Problems that may be Linked Genetically

• Myopia or Nearsightedness
• Hyperopia or Farsightedness
Color Blindness or Color Vision Deficiency
• Retinitis Pigmentosa

Vision Problems That May Be Linked to Both Genetics and Environmental Factors

• Amblyopia or Lazy Eye
• Glaucoma
• Age-Related Macular Degeneration
• Strabismus

Fortunately, visual problems like strabismus and amblyopia are usually diagnosed at an early age. With this, there are treatments available to address the conditions such as special eyewear, patches, surgery, or vision training.

However, there are no definite answers about the relationship between genetics and poor vision. In fact, almost all people are born with a clear vision. In fact, only about 3 out of every 100 people retain perfect vision for their whole lives. The remaining 97 percent need corrective glasses or lenses at some point.

Modern Medicine on Vision and Genetics

New studies show that everyone is actually born with perfect vision. The new information has overturned the old belief that newborn babies do not have the ability to focus until they are months old. The study results found that newborn infants actually have the ability to focus. Scientists conducted the test using pictures of babies’ mothers. As the infant looks at the photo, their visual focus becomes sharper.

Scientists who conducted this study explained that people do not practice or consciously learn to see clearly. However, they developed bad ways of using their eyes. As a result, the brain gets accustomed to these improper techniques that later lead to poor vision.

People who use contacts, glasses, and even LASIK surgery to regain their vision cannot deny the fact that they have enjoyed perfect vision at some point in their lives. The number of individuals turning to these methods of vision treatment is increasing from generation to generation.

In the past, far fewer people used corrective glasses. It is believed that only about 9 percent of people wore glasses about a century ago. With this, the biggest question is how people inherit bad vision. It seems clear that visual problems are not linked genetically in any way.

However, more studies are being conducted related to this issue. Each study makes different claims than others, and this has lead to more confusion. Whether there is a link between genetics and poor vision or not, it is important to maintain eye health and take action in order to regain perfect vision.

Inherited or Not?

People who want to know their children’s genetic predisposition to visual problems should talk to the experts. Eye professionals can help those who want to know how to handle these circumstances. The eye specialists can tell parents how to determine if their kids are developing problems like theirs. With this, they will be able to prevent any possible visual problems their children might inherit.

Parents who are skeptical about poor vision whether it is inherited or not can be confident when they know there are treatments available should problems arise. Babies who are at risk should get routine eye check-ups at least every six months.

Treatment Options

Corrective glasses and contact lenses are widely available for individuals who are having vision problems. These devices can help correct poor vision. However, they can sometimes be annoying. This is especially true for those who are living a very busy life. This is why many people opt for LASIK eye surgery. This is the latest innovation in treating poor vision today.

LASIK surgery is the most efficient method to regain the perfect vision. However, not all people with vision problems can qualify. This is why it is important to choose a LASIK eye surgeon who can deliver the treatment in the most accurate way. Individuals who are most likely to qualify for LASIK eye surgery are those who suffer from severe refractive errors. It is usually the last resort for people who wear thick glasses in order to see clearly.

The biggest advantage of LASIK eye surgery is that it does not leave any scars. Patients don’t have to stay overnight after the procedure. It is basically an outpatient treatment. LASIK puts an end to severe vision problems. Whether your vision problem is genetic or not, you can be confident that you have options.