TESE and TESA are among the most frequent and common procedures asked about in clinics specializing in the sphere of IVF. Both of them are connected with issues of men’s reproductive system and are aimed at helping male patients to treat their fertility problems.
We are talking about the absence of sperm cells in the semen. The main problem of this health condition is that it is impossible to see any visual symptoms or feel any soreness. The only actual proof might be many unsuccessful attempts to conceive.
If your couple faces such a problem, you should visit a doctor to diagnose its cause correctly and receive a necessary treatment, which may include Testicular Sperm Extraction (TESE) or Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA).
What are these procedures? They imply taking semen from the testicles of those patients with no viable sperm cells in the semen during the process of micro-surgery.
Common medical indications for a TESE procedure and TESA IVF treatment include the blockage of a sperm channel, the congenital absence of a sperm channel, hormonal disorders, genetic problems, radiation or heavy medicines received while treating cancer, infectious diseases, especially parotiditis, and some others.
How does TESA look like? TESA is a sparing and simple procedure, after which no health complications are observed in most cases. It is provided with the help of anesthesia. A doctor connects a special medical ultra-thin needle to a syringe.
Then this needle is punctured to the front side of the testicle. With the help of negative pressure, the semen is released through the needle into the syringe. Next, the needle tip is shifted 10-15 times to provide puncturing of more areas of the testicle.
Finally, the doctor removes the needle from the testicle. All the received material is immediately sent to an embryologist to identify sperm cells.
If the TESA procedure is successful, the process of fertilization is carried out within 72 hours. If it is impossible to provide fertilization during this time, the male sperm cells can be frozen to save their reproductive function and avoid an additional procedure.
The same can be made if the attempt of fertilization wasn’t successful. In the case of failed TESA, a TESE test is often prescribed. You can learn about the difference between these options on ivf-international.com.
Although both TESA and TESE methods are young and new, they have already helped many couples become parents. Some years ago, the diagnosis of azoospermia meant that a man was destined to have no children, but now, thanks to these relatively simple procedures, the chance to enjoy the pleasure of fatherhood has increased significantly.