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Causes of Infertility in Women Today



Causes of infertility in women today

Many women are facing a lot of challenges when trying to conceive than ever before. The problem becomes more stressful for couples looking to add a bundle of joy to their family. According to medical professionals specializing in fertility and reproduction, there is nothing easy about reproduction.

The most important statistic to remember is that for every month, there is a 15 to 20% chance that an egg gets fertilized. This is because not every egg that gets released from the ovary is viable for fertilization of the sperm. Another fact is that even a fertilized egg may not implant in the uterus.

What are some of the conditions that cause infertility in women?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

This condition is very common and is marked as the number one cause of infertility in females. It not only affects a woman’s ability to bear children but also it affects her menstrual cycle.

This is because it is a condition brought about by a hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body, resulting in the growth of small cysts in the ovaries. This ,in turn, affects the production of eggs, which causes irregularities in menstruation or lack of menstruation for a few months.


More women are coming forward with their endometriosis stories nowadays. It is a condition where the uterus lining grows in abnormal areas such as the fallopian tubes and ovaries. This causes painful cramping, irrigation, and subsequent formation of adhesions, also referred to as scar tissue.

Many women are unaware of this condition and go through life thinking it’s a normal symptom of menstruation. Some even go up to their thirties before ever getting the diagnosis.

Visiting centres such as Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Private Healthcare helps one understand the condition, get treatment, and get advice on future fertility options such as IVF pregnancy.


With more young people becoming sexually active at a young age, there is a risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases and infections. While there are deadly and incurable STDs, most can be treated with aggressive doses of antibiotics.

Most people don’t seek treatment until the disease becomes symptomatic, which can affect the reproductive system. Diseases such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia can infect the fallopian tubes and lead to blockages.

Even after treatment, the scarring remains, which in turn interferes with the movement of sperm and eggs during fertilization.

Lifestyle choices

Empowered women have taken charge of their bodies, which may sometimes be a detriment to their fertility. Statistics show that more and more women are choosing to wait until after they are well adjusted in their careers to have children.

Other lifestyle problems such as obesity can affect one’s ability to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term.

Despite these physical conditions, it is important to have regular check-ups to learn about medical conditions that can affect fertility in the future. Some conditions, like endometriosis, when caught early, cannot affect fertility in a major way, fertility test for males are also useful when determining reasons for infertility .

It is also important for a person to remember that  they are not alone and there are alternative ways to conceive that are working for many women such as IVF pregnancies.

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