What is lying? Many dictionaries refer to lying as giving inaccurate statement to another person with intent to deceive or mislead them. Sometimes people tell lies simply because they do not want to hurt their feelings and this is what is known as a white lie. Examples of this are: if someone asks you how they look, but despite their awful dressing style, you compliment them by stating some other positive feature but clothing. Or you could be in a restaurant and you are served a bad meal but when asked how the meal was you say it was delicious while actually, it was the exact opposite. So, what is a lie? In short, we would say that this is any information given to hide the truth.
Lying is also common in high schools and colleges where sometimes students are forced to lie or cheat due to academic pressures. You may have heard of students copying their colleagues’ work and presenting it as theirs. This is known as an academic fraud or dishonesty and is a serious offense that may even result in dismissal. Instead of doing this, students should instead seek professional writing help for instance at eduzaurus.com to avoid messing up their academic future.
Lying leads to emotional stress
Lying may seem easy, but on the contrary, it requires efforts to make it work. According to psychologists, we all tell lies; either knowingly or unknowingly but the repercussions of doing so are dire as the pressure continues to build up resulting in stress.
The reasoning behind is that when you tell the truth, all is required is for you to recount what happened but when you lie, you have to recall the correct position and then hide the parts you do not want to tell and then spice up those parts for the account to favor you. When telling lies, your brain will have to work harder than when telling the truth in order to convince your audience. Above that, you will have to work really hard to remember whom you told your lie, when and where so that it can remain consistent and credible consistent every time you tell it.
While stress can be caused by a number of factors, if you want proof that lies affect emotional balance, a polygraph machine or a lie detector can come handy. Although the machine is not made to detect lies, it gauges the amount of stress involved in telling a lie. Its mode of operation concurs with Arthur Makman’s – Cognitive science journal’s executive director, findings that when one tells a lie, the level of adrenaline rises, heartbeat rate increases, pupils dilate and sweating may occur. All these effects are triggered by the brain once it realizes that the lie could expose one to danger and thus it engages the self-defense mode.
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In order to determine if lying can actually lead to poor mental health, the University of Notre Dame conducted a study which was eventually presented to the American Psychological Association, where two groups of participants were used in the study. One group was instructed to be honest in their dealings and not to partake in giving lies while the other one was not instructed and thus were to go on with their usual lives.
After findings for both groups were analyzed, it was established that participants who were instructed to be honest reported fewer mental and physical complaints; fewer headaches, stress, sadness and slept well. In fact, some reported experiencing improved interpersonal interactions.
Lying affects how we communicate with others
Most secrets are based on lies, and it is the efforts to cover them that give them weight. Like stated here above, people use lies to hide the truth and to put that into perspective, consider what happens to relationships built on lies! Lying in a relationship is hard work as it involves trying to portray a good but fake image of yourself and not the real you.
This is analogous to building a stone house on quicksand – it will soon collapse, and the same fate is bound to befall such a relationship. On the contrary, a relationship that is based on honesty and transparency will survive, and that is why one should aspire to remain real than editing their image – being a living lie. A study that was conducted on people whose much is held in secret established that after such people agreed to let their secrets out and to resolve them experienced relief from their depressive states.
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Most studies on whether is it ok to lie concluded that one leads a stress-free life if they are honest and transparent as their brains don’t suffer from damages occasioned by insidious chronic stress unlike the case of people who lie.