There are a lot of treatment techniques. There are methods that remove the vein from the body, such as classical surgery, or minimally invasive techniques, such as sclerotherapy, which is an outpatient procedure, not requiring hospitalization or anesthesia. It takes about 30 minutes, after which the patient can return home to his family or even to the office. Varicose veins can benefit from Varicose vein Treatment Houston.
In the case of varicose veins, the following treatment methods can be used:
- Sclerotherapy – is used for small varices and for visible superficial veins. During this procedure, the doctor injects a sclerotic agent in the vein with a special syringe and the scar tissue is then removed.
- Eco-graphically guided sclerotherapy – is used for deeper veins of varicose ulcers. The procedure is the same as for simple sclerotherapy, but the syringe needle is guided inside the vein with an ultrasound.
- Phlebectomy – consists of surgically removing varicose vein segments through small incisions. This mild intervention is practiced under local or general anesthesia and may require hospitalization for 1-4 days. After performing a phlebectomy, it is advisable to wear compression stockings in the following postoperative weeks.
- Stripping – is an external procedure performed under general anesthesia in the operating room. This involves the opening of the largest of the superficial veins (saphenous) and the insertion of a plastic sack, placed along the varicose vein attached to it. The process consists in extracting varicose tissue from the patient’s skin. Stripping is applied to very large varicose veins, it is traumatic to the body, it leaves scars, produces bruises and possible bleeding. The recovery period lasts between 5 and 10 days.
- Minimally Invasive Laser – This procedure uses an optical fiber connected to a vascular laser that has the ability to burn the varicose vein inside, thus treating the cause of the varicose veins. Once the fiber optic is inserted into the varicose vein, the laser emits luminous energy that heats and seals the dilated vein, which decreases as the fiber is withdrawn. It is a procedure that does not leave scars and the patient can leave the clinic within hours from the surgery, the anesthesia being local.
- Minimally Invasive Radiofrequency Surgery – In an incision, a probe is inserted into the internal or external vein and infiltrates anesthetic solution into the tissue around the vein to isolate it. The probe delivers radio frequency energy that produces collagen fibrillation, fibrosis and venous closure. A dressing and a compression stocking are then applied, and the patient can leave the clinic on their own feet.
Although the varicose symptoms do not pose health risks, varicose veins may develop in the advanced stages to eczema, hypodermis or varicose veins. In addition, varicose veins may be responsible for: hemorrhage of important varicose dilation and superficial venous thrombosis (a blood clot that blocks a superficial vein) with possible evolution to deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. Find out more on this here.
Varicose veins can cause complications as they prevent normal blood circulation in the veins. Untreated, varicose veins may worsen and may result in:
- Bleeding – occurs when the foot strikes a hard surface or when the skin is cut;
- Thrombophlebitis – inflammation of the leg veins, associated with blood clots in the veins.
- Chronic venous insufficiency – occurs when there is a problem with blood supply, for example, a faulty vein valve or a blockage;
- Varicose eczema – in their case, the skin becomes red, scaly, flaky and itchy, and is caused by poor functioning of varicose vein valves that allow the blood to flow in the wrong direction;
- Varicose ulcers – occurs when the venous pressure is increased in the lower leg and causes infiltration of the fluid into the vein and collecting it under the skin, causing thickening, swelling, edema and eventual rupture of the skin.
Prevention of the varicose veins
To prevent the appearance of varicose veins, the best thing you can do is maintain normal leg movement.
- Avoid wearing tight clothing that can block blood circulation in the legs;
- Control your weight to prevent water retention and extra pounds;
- Move to stimulate blood circulation in the legs;
- Avoid high heels that can put pressure on the calves;
- Drink at least 2 liters of water a day to maintain hydration of the body and avoid thickening of blood in the veins.