Orthopedics is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses that are related to the musculoskeletal system. It was established back in 1741 and was further expounded during the 1800s. It is one of the most practiced and valued fields today. Orthopedics is further classified into different types and is usually determined by the kinds of conditions being attended to. In this feature, you will learn more about the professionals behind the scene and what each of them will be able to help you out with.
Up Close and Personal with Hand Surgeons
First, let’s start with the hand surgeons. They are generally orthopedic doctors who have completed at least one year of training in conducting hand surgery after their residency experience. General surgeons and plastic surgeons who want to expand their skills and expertise can also pursue this career path.
Hand surgeons are typically the ones who see to it that detached limbs are sown back perfectly and that they function and look as good as they were before. These surgeons are adept when it comes to microsurgical methods and their main focus involve relieving arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome as well as other diseases of the finger tendons.
Sports Medicine – An Orthopedic Goldmine
There are also those whose main focus is treating sports injuries. Like hand surgeons, these professionals are required to complete a fellowship on sports medicine and collected relevant experience in terms of reading MRIs, performing injury assessments, and performing arthroscopic operations.
They are typically part of a sports training team, so they are found more often on the field rather than in a hospital. There are, however, instances when they are employed by private institutions. If in case you have a hard time getting a contact, you could try the Internet for references. Or you could approach other types of orthopedic surgeons and inquire about colleagues who have the necessary skills and experience in conducting anterior cruciate ligament repairs, arthroscopic cartilage repairs, and arthroscopic shoulder surgeries.
But in light of what has been highlighted, it is essential that you keep in mind those injuries that prompt a change in the affected body part, whether or not it was caused by a sports injury, goes directly to surgery specialists on total replacement since they are the experts in those kinds of things.
This subspecialty of orthopedics helps in the alleviation of pain in degenerated or damaged joints on the hip or knees by substituting them with materials made from metal alloys. The fellowship training required to practice this trade will be extensive and expensive, which explains why those who perform it charge quite an amount for their services. But with the recent advances in play, total joint replacement procedures have not only become minimally invasive but also less expensive.
Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery: Children Need a Lot of Help
A pediatric orthopedic surgeon, meanwhile, is a professional who specializes in dealing with musculoskeletal problems that affect individuals 0-19 years old. They handle everything from fractures to spina bifida and osteogenesis imperfect. Like all the aforementioned physicians, they take on a fellowship program after residency to be able to practice in this field, particularly in pediatric orthopedics and pediatric spinal deformity. They also have the option to branch out and train a little bit on cosmetic surgery, since childhood scars from orthopedic procedures may require cosmetic reconstruction.
Orthopedics and Cancer
Finally, there are those that specifically cater to the treatment and management of cancer related musculoskeletal problems. A lot of the diseases that wear out both organs have to do with the proliferation of neoplasms – rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma to name a few – and they are not the same in character and requirements as the problems the aforementioned orthopedic surgeons deal with. They are repetitive to a certain degree.
They are also relentless and very invasive. And so a specialized type of medical attention is demanded. And this is where orthopedic oncologists come in. They will require a more extensive fellowship experience given that the types of problems they solve are complicated. However, they often work as a network so the methods of one person are usually accessible to others.
It is very important for one to be duly informed of the above mentioned as these will serve as a guide in acquiring sound and reliable orthopedic care. You can’t expect to get exactly the kind of assistance you need with an injury or ailment if you approach the wrong professionals. This type of insight should also allow you to make the right calls when it comes to insurance affiliations. After all, there are only so many doctors, working in a specific field, that are connected to a certain institution.