The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy procedure requires a surgeon to remove a large portion of the patient’s stomach. The remaining stomach fragment will then be formed into a tube shape. In some cases, the treatment is the first step to gastric bypass, or it may be the only procedure required. After the surgeon reforms the shape of the stomach, the patient will feel full more quickly when they eat, and as a result, they are likely to consume less food.
Before the surgery begins, the patient will receive a general anesthesia, which will put them to sleep to ensure that they will not feel pain during the procedure. In addition, the doctor will use a small visual aid called a laparoscope to guide them through the patient’s body. Once the procedure begins, the surgeon will make two to five small cuts into the patient’s abdomen to insert the laparoscope and surgical instruments into the stomach area. Since the camera is attached to an operating room video screen, the doctor will use the monitor to view the patient’s insides as he or she works.
During the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery, the doctor will remove approximately 80 to 85 percent of the patient’s stomach. The left over stomach sections will be connected with staples to make a long tube. A side effect of the stomach surgery is that gallstones may occur. As a result, doctors frequently advise removing the gallbladder prior to the gastrectomy surgery or at the same time. Some doctors are now performing the surgery through the umbilicus, which decreases scarring and provides a faster recovery time.
Reasons to Select Gastrectomy Surgery
A person may consider weight loss surgery when he or she has a body mass index, or BMI, of 40 or higher, which is a minimum of 100 pounds over their ideal weight. A safe BMI is from 18.5 to 25. If a person has a BMI that is over 35, then he or she is at risk for developing dangerous medical conditions such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea.
When an obese person has failed at losing weight through traditional methods like diet and exercise, weight loss surgery is usually the next option. In fact, laparoscopic surgery may be the only safe medical procedure for patients who are excessively obese. Once a patient has had the surgery, it cannot be undone.
Patients who select laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery should consider the potential risks prior to the procedure. The surgery’s risks include blood clots, blood loss and breathing problems as well as a heart attack or stroke. Once patients have the surgery, they should watch for signs of infection along the surgical cut and in the lungs, kidneys or bladder. Other risks include vomiting from overeating, leaking around the stomach staples and reduced nutrition as well as damage to the internal organs during the surgery.
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery is a procedure that can help obese people lose weight. The surgery is effective as it causes patients to eat less due to their smaller stomach.