The improvement in medical research and techniques has drastically improved the quality of health services provided. There have been increases in the emergence of alternative health care that are vital but are not intended to replace traditional medicines. One such practice is physiotherapy, which involves the use of therapy on patients who have developed impairments, functional deficiencies, and injuries resulting from sports or aging.
There are various types of physiotherapy treatments that can be administered based on the nature of the injury and the patient. One such treatment that is popular among physiotherapists is massage. Even though massage can be done by almost anyone, to achieve the best results it is advisable to use the services of a trained physiotherapist as they administer massage that is customized to the need of the individual. The use of massage helps in mobilizing soft tissues and getting rid of dead skin cells. It can also help in improve blood circulation and provide instant pain relief. Some of the common types of massages are stroking, effleurage, petrissage, and frictions.
Joint manipulation and taping is also another technique used by trained physiotherapists. In this technique, the patient keeps the body muscles relaxed while the physiotherapists perform movements on the body. This technique is commonly used for patients experiencing stiffness and pain around the muscles or joints. Physiotherapists utilize a grading system that enables them to know the level of force to use and the treatment combinations to adopt. In the case of tapping, physiotherapists utilize a special tape that is placed around the joints and muscles to provide support.
Physiotherapists can also utilize heat therapy and cryotherapy techniques to provide relief for muscle injuries. Heat therapy involves the use of a heat bath or hot pack that is placed on the injured part. On the other hand, cryotherapy makes use of either an ice bath or ice pack, which is applied to the injured part for about 20 minutes. The physiotherapist monitors the progress of the treatment so as to avoid further strain or injury.
Electrotherapy is another popular treatment used by physiotherapists to treat and provide relief to injuries and strains. There are three types of electrotherapy techniques: infrared, ultrasound, and TENS. Infrared involves the use of an infrared lamp that is placed on the joint. Infrared heat is used to warm the affected muscles. Ultrasound is mostly used on flat parts of the body and involves moving an applicator over the affected body muscle. Lastly, TENS involves the use of electrodes that are placed on the skin and their intensity increased as the treatment progresses.