In order to establish if Laser Surgery is the best option, it is wise to learn as much as possible about the procedure. To prevent pain and discomfort anaesthetic drops are added to the eye which is being operated on. The surgeon will cut a flap which is located within the cornea. At one end of the flap a hinge is left, the flap is then folded back revealing the centre of the cornea. Before the flap is replaced a laser will vaporise the affected area.
In order to protect the treated area an eye patch should be worn for up to 24 hours. To save time both eyes can be operated on in the same day. The surgeon will underline any risks that may occur. Each eye should be identified as separate procedures, this will prevent cross contamination from happening.
Why Have Laser Surgery?
Laser Surgery will permanently change the shape of your cornea, the clear covering of the iris and the lens. The type of glasses that should be worn depends on your eye. If you are short sighted (myopic) your cornea will be curved a great deal. This will mean that light rays fall short of the retina (the area of the eye that interprets the image you see), and will result in your distance vision being blurred. When the laser reshapes your cornea your sight problems will improve.
Laser Surgery And The Risks
According to the Royal College of Ophthalmologists complications only affect less than five per cent of patients. Dry eyes may become apparent after surgery. Artificial tear supplements might need to be considered in the long term, but this is very rare.
A few individuals have witnessed a glare in their vision when driving in the dark, this is most apparent just after surgery. In an unfortunate amount of people thinning of the eye wall affects the shape of the eye. Blindness and loss of vision is not common at all. If this does occur there is corneal surgery on offer to patients in order to regain sight.
Impact of Laser Surgery
The recovery period for most patients is remarkably short, this means that patients can return to their daily routines within a few days. Depending on the surgery driving should be avoided for at least a week. Specially designed glasses that have ultraviolet protection should be worn for the first three weeks if the eye is exposed to sunlight. I had laser eye surgery in Cornwall and I stuck to the guidelines given to me by the GP; this enabled me to have a speedy recovery.