Rosacea is a skin condition suffered by both women and men, it can affect people of any skin color but it is most common for people with fair skin to suffer from it. The standard rosacea sufferer is female, middle-aged with a fair complexion, men are less likely to get the condition but usually suffer worse symptoms when they do.
Symptoms of rosacea
The condition usually affects the face and is noticeable around the forehead, nose, cheeks, chin, and neck but it can affect other parts of the body too. One symptom in the early stages of rosacea is frequent flushing; this flushing can be accompanied by a burning sensation. Sometimes the face can become slightly swollen.
More advanced forms of the disease include vascular rosacea which causes persistent flushing and redness. Blood vessels under the skin can enlarge, showing through the skin as small red lines this is called telangiectasia. Inflammatory rosacea causes persistent redness, pink bumps called pustules and bumps containing pus these are called pustules.
In the later stages of rosacea something called rhinophyma may develop especially in men, rhinophyma is caused by the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands beneath the surface of the skin becoming enlarged and can cause an enlarged, bulbous and red nose.
Research shows that up to 50% of rosacea sufferers develop eye issues; symptoms of ocular rosacea include dry and itchy eyes, sties, erythema which means redness, the feeling of grit in the eye, red and swollen eyelids.
Rosacea cannot be cured but it can be controlled, the condition will get worse and deteriorate over time if you don’t treat it if you think you may suffer from rosacea it is important to seek medical advice.
Traditional rosacea treatment prescribed by your doctor will include topical creams that can be rubbed into the skin, these creams include azelaic acid, metronidazole, and sodium sulfacetamide-sulfur these creams help to reduce inflammation and kill bacteria that can infect skin pores.
Your doctor may also prescribe long term antibiotics to keep your rosacea under control, some patients may experience side effects from both creams and antibiotics or they may just not like the idea of taking long-term medication. They may look to other forms of treatment; one very successful way to control rosacea is with diet.
Many medical experts accept that certain foods can cause flare-ups; alcohol and caffeine have been proven to worsen the condition. Diary, sugary foods, hot drinks, and spicy food are also believed to worsen rosacea symptoms so you should avoid them.
You should also try to avoid acidic foods such as yeast, white vinegar, processed cheese, and certain types of nuts although Chestnuts and Cashews are quite low alkaline foods, and consuming foods high in alkaline are believed to be helpful in controlling rosacea.
Other good high alkaline foods include vegetables such as Brussel sprouts, beetroot, lettuce, butternut squash, marrow, pumpkin, mushrooms and cauliflower, fruits like bananas, blueberries, raisins, grapes, and strawberries are also low alkaline as are oats and most seeds.