For those who don’t know what an x-ray is, it is an imaging technique used by medical practitioners to view the inner parts of your body, and there is no need to make an incision. By performing an x-ray, the doctor can diagnose, analyze, and also treat different medical conditions.
There are different x ray types, and they all serve different purposes. For instance, when the medical practitioner wants to examine a patient’s breasts, they will conduct a mammogram.
You should know there are risks involved when getting an x-ray. However, the benefits usually outweigh the risks. You should discuss such issues with your medic, and they will advise you accordingly.
The doctor usually performs an e-ray to:
- Monitor how a condition diagnosed initially is progressing
- Examine an area where you’re experiencing discomfort or pain
- Determining whether the prescribed treatment is working well
Health Conditions Detected Using an X-ray
Some of the health conditions detected using an x-ray include:
- Heart-Related Lung Issues
When a doctor carries out a chest x-ray, they can determine the issues present in your lungs and whether they’re attributed to heart problems. For example, the fluids in your lungs may come about because of cognitive heart failure
An x-ray can help determine whether there are any issues with your bones, including fractures on your spine or ribs.
- A Pacemaker or Catheter
A pacemaker has some wires attached to the heart, and they usually help control the heart rhythm and rate. On the other hand, a catheter is in the form of a small tube used during dialysis or to deliver medication. When the medic carries out a chest x-ray, they can determine whether each of these devices has been placed correctly in your body.
- Checking the Condition of the Lungs
A chest x-ay can help to detect conditions such as cancer or any other infection around the lungs. Some conditions can cause the lungs to collapse. Fortunately, an x-ray can help to diagnose such conditions. Some of the chronic lung conditions that can be diagnosed using an x-ray include cystic fibrosis or emphysema.
- The Outline and Size of the Heart
Your heart’s shape and size can change, which is an indication of heart failure or heart valve issues.
We have managed to look into five health issues that can be detected using an x-ray. We’ll now look into the x-ray types and any risks involved.
Types of X-rays
When performing an x-ray, the doctor will request you to stand in front of the x-ray detector. Your body will then be illuminated using short x-ray pulses. Since your bones contain a large amount of calcium, your bones will absorb the x-rays. The bones will appear white in color in the x-ray image.
If there are gases trapped in the lungs, they’ll appear as dark patches since they have a low absorption rate.
The x-ray types include:
The radiologist is in a position to watch the x-ray moving in real-time. They can take snapshots in the process. Such an x-ray type comes in handy when observing the activity in the gut after a meal.
You might be familiar with this type of x-ray imaging. The doctors use it when imaging teeth, broken bones, and your chest. Fortunately, radiography usually emits low amounts of radiation.
- CT (Computed Tomography) Scan
The patient usually lies on a table, and they’ll get into a ring-shaped scanner. The x-rays will then pass through the patient and get into different detectors. The patient usually moves slowly into the machine, and a 3D image is built up in the process. The procedure makes use of a significant amount of x-rays in one instance.
What are the Risks Involved with X-rays?
The x-rays usually bring about mutations in a person’s DNA. As a result, you may end up suffering from cancer at some point in your life. Different organizations, including WHO (World Health Organization), have termed x-rays as carcinogenic. Nevertheless, the benefits outweigh the disadvantages.
An x-ray can help detect numerous health problems; however, we have mentioned just but a few of them. Although the x-rays pose an issue to your health, the benefits outweigh the negatives. We have also looked into different types of x-rays, and they each have varying amounts of radiation.