There are some things you should know about a periodontist in Phoenix. A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of periodontal disease. Periodontists are trained to treat patients with periodontal diseases, commonly referred to as gum disease. The gum disease is actually periodontitis and it is a disease that affects the tissues around the teeth. These tissues are the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Periodontal diseases include gingivitis, mild periodontitis, and moderate to advanced periodontitis. If gum disease, it not treated it can cause the bone and tissue around the teeth to dissolve and will lead to the loss of teeth.
According to a periodontist in Phoenix periodontal disease is caused by the bacteria in plaque which causes the gums to become infected. Some factors that can contribute to the development of periodontal disease are often preventable. These factors include the use of tobacco, a poor diet, uncontrolled diabetes, and other lifestyle choices. In addition, there are some conditions that make a person more susceptible to developing gum disease. These factors include genetics, hormonal changes, teeth grinding, autoimmune diseases, and some medications. Moreover, some research indicated that the bacteria that cause gum disease can be passed through saliva to another person. This puts couples and close family members at risk of contracting the disease if one person has it.
The symptoms of gum disease usually appear when the disease is in an advanced stage. These symptoms include bleeding gums while brushing or flossing, gums that are red, swollen or tender, receding gums, continuously odorous breath, pus near teeth and gums, a change in bite or jaw alignment, loose teeth, and a change is the fit of dentures. If you have any of these symptoms you should see a periodontist in Phoenix as soon as possible.
The treatment for periodontal disease varies according to the stage of the disease. The non-surgical treatment calls for the periodontist in Phoenix to perform what is called scaling and root planing. This involves a careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove the plaque and tartar from the periodontal pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins. For most patients, this procedure is enough to treat the disease and they will not require any more treatment. But some people need to undergo surgery to restore the periodontal anatomy that has been damaged by the gum disease. One option is gum grafts which are used to cover the roots and develop gum tissue where the gums have recessed.
A gum graft can reduce gum recession and bone loss. Another treatment for gum disease is the use of lasers. This is a non-surgical therapy that is used to treat periodontal diseases. When a laser is used for periodontal therapy it causes less bleeding, swelling, and pain for the patient. For patients who have actually lost teeth due to gum disease, they can opt to have dental implants to replace the missing teeth. Dental implants are a permanent replacement for missing teeth. They look like and function like real teeth. The implants are connected to the jawbone and are immune to decay.
The very best treatment for periodontal disease is prevention by removing the plaque from your teeth. In order to keep the plaque from building up on your teeth, you should brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day and floss every day. Plus, see your dentist for checkups and cleanings every six months. When you see your dentist regularly, the dentist is able to check for gum disease and this increases the opportunity to catch the disease early.