Eight things to know about CBD

The passage of the 2018 Farm Bill has opened the door to legal use of non-psychoactive CBD oil, commonly used to treat conditions such as pain, insomnia and anxiety. Until now, while it has been available, CBD oil has occupied a legal grey area.

Now that it is coming into the mainstream, it pays to be informed about its potential uses, the science behind it and its legal status. First-time buyers have a lot to consider, and a wealth of information to sort through before taking advantage of this treatment; here are answers to the ten most common questions about CBD oil:

What is the appropriate dosage?

According to the Harvard Health Blog, In 2015, the FDA eased the regulatory requirements to allow researchers to conduct clinical trials on CBD.

Although much progress has been made since then and several studies have shown its effectiveness in treating chronic pain, the Harvard blog notes, “We also don’t know the most effective therapeutic dose of CBD for any particular medical condition.” There is presently no standard, so it may take some trial and error, and when possible, guidance from a medical professional.

Don’t worry – it’s nearly impossible to overdose. According to a Current Drug Safety Journal article, you would need to ingest 20,000 mg of CBD oil in a short period of time for it to be toxic to your system.

Is CBD addictive, or can it be abused?

According to a World Health Organization report, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential . . . To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”

Will it get me high? No. The type of CBD that is now legally available is derived from hemp, not from marijuana, and it contains less than 0.3 percent THC. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are very similar chemically, but there is still a big difference between the two, and CBD is primarily used as a medical treatment and not used recreationally.

Is it legal? Yes, so long as the CBD oil contains less than 0.3 percent THC. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 drew a distinction between hemp and cannabis, removing hemp from the Controlled Substances Act. As a result, hemp products, including CBD oil derived from hemp, are no longer considered illegal.

Is it regulated by the government? According to the latest FDA report, the agency does have the authority to regulate products and provide a “regulatory pathway.” While regulation is still evolving, such regulation should be seen as a positive for the industry and for users of CBD, as it will help to preserve and protect the quality and purity of the product and eliminate false claims.

Already, warning letters have been sent out to some vendors claiming that CBD treats or cures serious diseases, such as cancer. According to FDA guidance, “The FDA will continue to take steps to make the pathways for the lawful marketing of these products more efficient.”

How can I be sure of its purity? First of all, buy CBD only from vendors you trust. Reputable online vendors like Nug Republic won’t make outrageous claims, and sell products from only the most reliable providers.

Many such providers have in-house labs to ensure the product is legal (containing less than 0.3 percent THC). In the near future, look for the FDA to impose stricter manufacturing and labeling laws to ensure purity. Before buying, research the vendor’s manufacturing processes, and when possible, buy CBD that provides third-party lab results to consumers.

What is it used for? CBD is used to treat a wide variety of conditions, including chronic pain and anxiety. More clinical trials still need to be done, but there has already been DFA approval for its use in treating epilepsy.

Plenty of anecdotal evidence suggests that it can be used as pain relief, anxiety relief, neuropathy, neurodegenerative disorders such as multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s. And although CBD will not cure cancer and no reputable vendor claims that it will, it is very useful in treating the side effects of mainstream cancer treatments.

Are there side effects? Most studies have considered the safety of CBD, and have concluded that adults tolerate a wide range of doses very well, and that there are no significant side effects to the central nervous system, vital signs or mood, even at high dosage levels.

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