In the United States, there are millions of people who have to deal with diabetes on a daily basis. Some individuals suffer from type 1 diabetes, but most have type 2 diabetes. The truth of the matter is that both forms of diabetes are treatable and manageable. It might not be entirely possible to cure diabetes, but you can get it under control and live with it for the rest of your life. And, there are tons of medications that can help. Within this comprehensive guide, you will learn a great deal more about type 2 diabetes and the best type 2 diabetes medications.
What Is It?
First and foremost, you should familiarize yourself with the basics of type 2 diabetes. What is it exactly and what does it do? Well, type 2 diabetes is a specific health condition that causes significantly high blood glucose levels. Or, it might have something to do with the patient’s body being unable to use insulin efficiently. While it is possible for type 2 diabetes to develop in children and teens, it most often targets middle aged individuals. Type 2 diabetes is downright dangerous and needs to be managed properly.
Further down in the article, you will learn how this condition is treated and managed.
Who Is At Risk?
When it comes down to it, anyone can develop type 2 diabetes. Type 1 is different. Type 1 usually begins when you’re a child. Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong problem. You will never be able to get rid of this disease. There are plenty of risk factors that can eventually cause you to have type 1 diabetes. Family history, infection, and pancreas diseases may increase the risks involved. Type 2 diabetes is much different. With this condition, your body is unable to use the insulin that it produces. This is referred to as insulin resistance.
It is vital to understand that type 2 diabetes is primarily caused by the patient’s lifestyle. If you’re overweight, your risks are going to climb higher and higher. Erratic glucose tolerance and insulin resistance are two other risk factors. Your ethnic background can also increase your risk. Hispanics, African Americans, Asian Americans and Native Americans are at a much greater risk of developing diabetes. Family history, age and a sedentary lifestyle are other risk factors.
Causes Of Type II Diabetes
The pancreas makes the hormone insulin, which plays a major role in letting sugar into the cells, so it can be utilized for energy. In Type II diabetes, the cells do not respond properly to insulin, this is what is known as insulin resistance. Since the cells are not responding to insulin, the pancreas will work overtime in an effort to try to get them to respond. Eventually the pancreas will have difficulty keeping up, leading to increased blood glucose levels, prediabetes and eventually Type II diabetes.
Complications Of Type II Diabetes
Uncontrolled diabetes will eventually lead to kidney and eye problems, Alzheimer’s disease, hearing impairment, neuropathy (nerve damage), inflammation and heart disease. Stroke is another complication of diabetes, which is where insulin comes into play, as it will mimic normal insulin levels, resulting in optimal levels.
Diagnosing Type II Diabetes
If you present to your physician with complaints similar to the symptoms associated with Type II diabetes, the first thing your physician will do is order an A1C test. This test actually measures average blood sugar levels over the past two or three months. This measurement helps physicians better determine if someone is suffering from diabetes. A1C levels below 5.7% are considered normal, measurements between 5.7 and 6.4% points to prediabetes (developing diabetes) and 6.5% and higher points to diabetes.
Another test that is often utilized to diagnose diabetes is the fasting blood sugar test. This test measures blood sugar after fasting (not eating) overnight. The physician will recommend not drinking after midnight and until the test is complete. If you take a prescription medication, you should ask your physician if it is okay to take it with water the morning of your appointment. In most cases, physicians will give the go ahead for taking prescription medication as long as it will not alter your blood glucose levels.
A test that is utilized to diagnose gestational diabetes is the glucose challenge screening, which is performed between 26 and 28 weeks. If the test indicates gestational diabetes, the physician will order a second test that is known as glucose tolerance test, which is also utilized to diagnose Type II diabetes. This test measures blood glucose levels before and after consuming a liquid with glucose. Your physician will request you to fast overnight, the night before your appointment. You will need to submit a blood sample on the day of your test four times. After the first blood draw, you will be allowed to eat and then you will need to return to the laboratory an hour later for another blood draw. You will need to wait for two hours till the next blood draw and another three hours till the fourth blood draw.
Random blood sugar tests are also utilized to diagnose Type II diabetes. This test does not require fasting. If your result renders blood glucose level of 200 mg/dL or higher, it will indicate that you are suffering from diabetes.
Some physician will schedule a patient who is believed to be exhibiting symptoms of diabetes for an autoantibody test. Autoantibodies are produced by the immune system. The immune system typically destroys autoantibodies during the self-regulatory process. However, autoantibodies are only present in the bodies of people with Type I diabetes, not Type II diabetes.
Understanding Type 2 Diabetes Medications
There are plenty of medications that can help you control your type 2 diabetes. Just remember that some drugs are more effective than others. It is best to speak with a doctor. After all, these medications are prescribed. You will not be able to purchase them over the counter. A doctor will help you find out what works best for you. Plus, they’ll give you a prescribe for the medication and instructions for using it.
Using Type 2 Diabetes Medications Safely
In most cases, type 2 diabetics are going to be required to use insulin. If you do not use your insulin safely, there is a good chance that you’re going to experience a variety of problems. So, what do you need to know to ensure that you’re using the insulin safely? First and foremost, you may want to think about switching to an insulin pump. This will give you the ability to skip the syringe and you won’t have to worry about forgetting your doses. Just remember that pumps have some problems as well.
Some patients will actually mix up their long-acting and quick-acting insulin. This is something that you need to avoid. Make sure that you mark your insulin vials. This will help you avoid this problem. You can also alternate between pens and syringes. For instance, you can use pens for fast-acting insulin and syringes for the others. This will ensure that you never mix up your insulins and take the wrong one.
It is also pertinent to make sure that you do not skip your doses. This is far more common than you could ever imagine. Make sure that you set an alarm. You can do so on a clock or a phone. Preparing ahead of time will greatly decrease the likelihood that you end up missing your insulin at some point in the future.
Guidelines For Purchasing And Utilizing Insulin Supplies
First and foremost, you should figure out precisely what supplies you’re going to need. The truth of the matter is that you’ll need quite a few items. First and foremost, you’re going to need a glucose meter, test strips and lancets. This combination will give you the ability to check your glucose levels frequently. You’re also going to need the right insulin medications. This is something that you’ll need to acquire with the assistance of a doctor. Glucose meters, lancets and test strips can be acquired at big box stores and pharmacies. Be sure to get high-quality products at a bargain. After all, you’re going to be buying two of these products frequently.
If you’re going to be buying type 2 diabetes medications, you’ll need to work with a reliable company. Choose a local pharmacy or a reputable online pharmacy. Do your research and make sure that you’re going to get legitimate products that are safe and effective. You’d be surprised to learn how many scammers are out there.
Insurance Will Cover It
You also need to understand that you do not have to pay for everything on your own. There are mandates in many areas that require insurance companies to cover the costs of diabetes medications and supplies. With that being said, you should most definitely take advantage of your insurance. If they’re not interested in paying, you might have to initiate a letter-writing campaign. You should also know that governmental products, such as Medicaid and Medicare, will pay for these products. Since they’re so expensive and you need to buy supplies regularly, you should definitely use what assistance is available to you.
You need to make sure that you know how to store your diabetes products correctly. If they’re stored wrong, you might create a problem for someone else. Or, you might cause your insulin to become ineffective. With that being said, you should speak to your doctor about your insulin. How does it need to be stored? In many cases, it’ll need to be stored in the refrigerator. When it comes to your syringes, you need to make sure that they’re kept away from children!
If you’re suffering from type 2 diabetes, you’ll need to make sure that you’re taking the right medication. Below, you’ll learn more about the drugs available to you.
This is an oral medicine, which is designed to help control blood sugar levels in the body. It is capable of regulation insulin levels in the body after the user has eaten. It is possible to combine Januvia with a healthy diet and a sufficient amount of exercise to keep blood sugar levels in check.
This is another oral medicine. Again, it is designed to help control blood sugar levels. It may be essential to use Glucophage alongside insulin and other medications to keep type 2 diabetes under control. This medication is never suitable for combating type 1 diabetes.
Victoza or liraglutide is very similar to a naturally occurring hormone. It can help control insulin levels, blood sugar and digestion. There is also a chance that this medication will reduce the patient’s risk of experiencing serious heart problems.
Metform is one of the most commonly used medications for type 2 diabetes. It is capable of controlling blood sugar levels. Metformin can be combined with insulin and other drugs to keep the condition in check. Remember that this drug is never suitable for the treatment of type 1 diabetes.
Afrezza is a rapid acting insulin. It is actually inhaled by the user. It can be used for the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. If you’re looking for something different than syringes or pens, you should definitely speak with your doctor about Afrezza.
Lantus is available in pen form. It is a long-acting insulin that is capable of working for at least 24 hours. It can help improve blood sugar management in children and adults. This insulin will begin working a few hours after it has been injected. When used correctly, Lantus can be very effective and beneficial for diabetics.
Lantus is generally safe, but there are some risks involved. For instance, it might lead to hypoglycemia or low blood sugar.
Toujeo is another long-acting insulin. It is designed to help control blood sugar levels. It is suitable for the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. This medication is less popular, but it is still capable of controlling blood sugar levels. This type of insulin is not suitable for children. Nevertheless, it works great for adult diabetics.