Addiction can be defined as someone having a psychological dependence on that particular substance or action. There are various types of addictions that range from substance abuse to physical actions such as sex addiction. The world over there has been a marked increase in substance abuse and this not only has a negative impact on society but also the economy of the country. On a daily basis hundreds of people are admitted to prisons and hospital emergency rooms and for drug related problems, this puts a heavy strain on the local economy.
The reasons why people turn to drugs for solace is diverse, many often start at a young age when drugs are seen as a method to show rebellion or to fit into a social group. Many social programs that focus on the youth has been launched the world over to inform and educate them on the negative impact that drugs could have on their lives.
List of the 10 most popular recreational drugs
10 – Solvents
This particular drug rose to popularity during the late seventies, as the drug of choice for the Punk Rock scene. Readily obtainable from any hardware or drug store the solvents usually bicycle inner tube glue, aerosols or nail polish remover. The glue is normally inserted into a container and the vapours inhaled.
9 – Psychedelic Mushrooms
For centuries indigenous tribes have made use of the “magic mushrooms” to achieve a hallucinogenic state for various reasons. The affect of these mushrooms could be compared to that of LSD but the high is much shorter. The mushrooms can be ingested in various forms from being eaten fresh to being dried or being boiled and made into a tea.
8 – Opium
This particular drug also has been used for centuries dating all the way back to ancient Rome and Greece. The drug is obtained from the sap of the immature Papaver Somniferum plant. In contrast the seeds are used as a spice and have absolutely no narcotic properties.
7 – LSD
This powerful hallucinogen was discovered by renowned Swiss chemist Albert Hoffman in 1938 while he was researching cures for the common cold. This drug usually takes affect 1-2 hours after being ingested and the user’s senses are usually heightened.
6 – Barbiturates
This drug falls into the category of prescription drugs, and has been dubbed as “downers” by is users. The drug that’s original intent was to be used as a calming agent for violent or mentally disturbed patients. The withdrawal symptoms from this drug is said to be worse than that of opiates
5 – Amphetamines
This particular drug falls into a relatively small group of stimulant drugs that affect the levels of dopamine and serotonin in the brain. This drug commonly known as “Speed” creates a feeling of euphoria and increased energy levels. This particular drug was very popular in the 1970’s and then regained popularity in the 90’s
4 – Ecstasy
A derivative of Amphetamines, ecstasy gives the user a feeling of well being and euphoria. This particular drug can either be ingested orally or as a powder be sniffed. There has been instances where users will die after the very first dose and there is a real chance of dehydration if the user engages in extreme physical activity.
3 – Cocaine
Derived from the leaves of the Coca plant this particular drug has been used by the Peruvian Indians of South America for centuries. They would usually chew the leaves for its ability as an aesthetic and appetite suppressant. The drug is now more commonly referred to as crack cocaine due it being sold in clump that resembles a rock and smoked via a pipe.
2 – Heroine
A derivative of Morphine, Diamorphine or heroin was used as a powerful painkiller and thought to have been less addictive than Morphine. This particular drug can be ingested in various methods from being injected to being smokes or sniffed. The withdrawal symptoms of this drug is often said to be of the worst of all the narcotics.
1 – Cannabis
By far the most used recreational drug and often referred to as the gateway drug, as in most cases this would be the first drug that most venture to try. The affects of cannabis is fairly instantaneous which will include a feeling of euphoria and a slightly drunken state.
Narcotics no matter the type or strength is truly a gamble that anyone is making with their lives, the possibility of becoming addicted from that very first “hit” or even dying is too great, many of these substances have been produced for a specific purpose and have been perverted for their side effects.
Nathan B Johnston: Alcohol addiction is another social scurge and the increase of alcohol rehab South Africa is a testament to that.