Studies have found that most patients who undergo physiotherapy following surgery experience a significant reduction in pain after only a month with their pain levels halving within 3 months. Furthermore, after one or two years, most of these patients become pain free. The aim of physiotherapy after surgery is for the patient to become free of pain, regain mobility, regain muscular strength, be able to return to work and resume participation in sport and other leisure activities.
Three to six months following surgery, most patients state that their pain and discomfort is reduced by 50%. They are also able to achieve full mobility and muscle strength two years after surgery. 8-11 years after surgery, most patients are able to retain good shoulder function, strength and mobility. Their quality of life also improves and they are generally able to display the same pattern of physical activity as they did before the procedure.
A physiotherapist is a specialist trained to work with patients towards restoring their activity, motion and strength following injury or surgery. During physiotherapy, the patient may be taught specific exercises, techniques and stretches, as well as utilise specialised equipment in addressing problems that cannot be managed without the use of such specialised physiotherapy training.
During physiotherapy, the therapist will identify any deficiencies in the biomechanics of your body. This way, they are able to target specific areas of weakness in the way your body works as well as relieve stress and enable the body to function painlessly. With their knowledge of surgical procedures and treatment goals, your physical therapist is then able to tailor their efforts for the improvement of your physical well being. Following surgery, it is important that you seek advice from a medical professional who specialises in physiotherapy in Essex, Suffolk, Hertfordshire or at a private hospital in your local area. With their knowledge about the limitations of your body after surgery, a physical therapist is able to ensure a successful outcome.
Post-Surgical Physiotherapy Techniques
- Stretching Tight Muscles and Joints.
Stretching is vital for the maintenance of a good range of motion within joints, as well as muscle flexibility. Reaching overhead or climbing stairs may prove difficult for individuals with tight muscles or stiff joints. However, these functions can be preserved with proper stretching exercises. Following surgery, scar tissue is formed, as the soft tissue contracts. Regular stretching would therefore be essential in order to ensure that scar formation does not hinder the progress of your rehabilitation.
- Exercises to Strengthen the Body.
Strengthening exercises are performed to assist in improving your muscle function. This allows for the improvement of strength, increase of endurance and maintenance or improvement of range of motion. All post-op exercises should be conducted only under the guidance of your doctor or physical therapist as your injury may carry specific restrictions.
- Core Strengthening and Stability.
This is a recent development in physiotherapy intended to strengthen the core of the body. The body’s core needs to be strengthened as a weak core leaves the body susceptible to acute injuries, as well as chronic overuse syndromes. Core strengthening places emphasis on the muscles of the pelvis and the back. Exercise programs such as pilates are great for increasing the core stability of the body. This is why many professional athletes go for regular pilates workouts.