What Is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a very common skin condition that causes inflammation, irritation, and redness. People who are between the ages of 15 and 35 are at the greatest risk of developing this condition. Stress, sunburn, the use of certain medications, and viral or bacterial infections can potentially cause a person to develop psoriasis.
Signs And Symptoms of Psoriasis
Flaky, red patches on the skin are the first signs that you may notice if you have psoriasis. These patches typically develop on the knees, elbows, and the middle of the body. However, they can develop anywhere on the body. Itchy, scaly skin, and excessive dandruff in the scalp are some of the other common symptoms of psoriasis.
There are other possible symptoms that may seem unrelated to psoriasis. Some of those symptoms include nail changes and joint aching or pain. Males may notice genital lesions.
Additionally, there are five types of psoriasis: pustular, plaque, inverse, guttate, and erythrodermic.
- Pustular psoriasis is characterized by white blisters and irritated skin.
- Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of this condition. It is identified by red, thick patches of skin that are covered with silver-white, flaky scales.
- Inverse psoriasis causes irritation and redness to develop in the groin and armpits.
- Small, reddish-pinkish spots that develop on the skin is one of the main signs of guttate psoriasis.
- Redness that covers a very large area on the body and causes intense irritation is a sign of erythrodermic psoriasis.
Presently, there is no cure for psoriasis. However, there are several treatments that can help relieve the symptoms.
If you suspect that you have psoriasis, then you will need to get it treated as soon as possible. Untreated psoriasis can lead to secondary skin infections. There are several topical treatments, including shampoos, ointments, and creams, that can be used to alleviate the symptoms of psoriasis.
If you have severe psoriasis, then you may be prescribed cyclosporine or methotrexate. These medications work by reducing inflammation. Additionally, phototherapy can be used to treat psoriasis. This treatment involves carefully exposing the affected skin to ultraviolet light. Although it is extremely effective, exposure to ultraviolet rays has been shown to increase the risk of skin cancer.
It is important to note that psoriasis is a condition that will probably need to be treated for the rest of your life. The good news is that this condition likely will not affect your general health if it is treated early.