People that suffer from severe knee stiffness and pain will have problems doing minor day to day tasks. The biggest problem is knee pain that still remains after various treatment options. If that pain is constant and nothing works, the doctor will most likely recommend total knee replacement as a surgical option.
Many medical conditions can lead towards needing a knee replacement. The most common one is arthritis. If a patient did not respond well to non-surgical treatment options, the surgical approach is recommended.
Knee Replacement Overview
Knee replacement is done in order to basically replace damaged or severely diseased areas of the knee. Artificial parts made out of plastic or metal replace areas that are affected without damaging knee mobility. The doctor can perform total or partial knee replacement based on the patient needs.
Total Knee Replacement Advantages
There are many benefits that can be taken into account; studies show that surgery can drastically enhance life quality. All restricted mobility, disability and instability problems can be alleviated. In addition, pain will be reduced completely and in many cases it is even eliminated. After the surgery a patient will gain most of the knee motion range.
Thanks to the surgery pain can be lowered and mobility can be increased. This means that the patient can get back to doing regular daily activities with ease. Improved deformed joints alignment and muscle strength are noticed after surgery. A staggering 95% of all total knee replacements will last for a minimum of 15 years until they need to be replaced.
Total Knee Replacement Disadvantages
In some cases the patient can experience blood clot development, which can travel towards the lungs. This would cause chest pain, shock or shortness of breath. Other associated risks include nerve damage, blood vessel injury and urinary tract infection.
Immediately after the knee replacement surgery the patient might experience stiffness, chronic knee pain, joint bleeding, swelling and vomiting. Knee infections can develop in rare cases and this brings in the need to re-operate.
The good news is that all these disadvantages will not have an impact on your life since they do go away after some time. However, the bad news is that the biggest disadvantage is not brought in by these symptoms and developments. The biggest problem for most people is the associated total knee replacement surgery cost. This is a procedure that is quite expensive and the price tag will vary based on implant type, surgery extent, surgeon skill, surgeon experience, hospital costs, special tests, insurance coverage and necessary medication. Even if the cost can turn out to be really high, the truth is that no matter how you look at the situation, the surgery is recommended and will include life quality.