Sometimes one gives up on having the quality of life they remember or have dreamed about. It is a depressing way to start the day for many Americans as they get out of bed and shower before heading off to work, to an event, to see family, or go have fun. But few understand that there is hope. And so it goes on and on until dire measures are taken to correct their obesity.
There are many reasons why Americans are more obese than ever, and few of them good. Depression, poor eating habits, stress, lack of exercise, and other components, help foster weight gain, and for many, there seems no way out, especially for those who are morbidly obese. But there is. For those who have tried every weight loss program, diet, and health club membership but still are unable to master their weight problems, surgical weight loss, or, gastric bypass surgery or Lapband surgery, just might be the solution. Yes, there is hope for a healthier, higher quality of life for those who want it.
Perhaps you feel like giving up and feel that you will never have the quality of life most normal-sized people have. Perhaps you have given up on seeing you the way you know you could look and have accepted the fact that this is how you are going to be? Maybe you are sick and tired of being morbidly obese, having a Body Mass Index of at least 40, and want a solution but need help? Perhaps you have decided to look for that help. If so, keep reading because we are going to discuss how weight loss surgery can help make your life a healthier, happier one.
Types of Weight Loss Surgeries
Here we will look at the four types of weight loss surgeries and their pro’s and con’s. One is restrictive surgery and the other is termed
What is Adjustable Gastric Banding Surgery?
Adjustable Gastric Banding (AGB) surgery is the most minimally invasive surgery. It uses an inflatable band to divide the patient’s stomach into two sections – a small pouch at the top, and a larger pouch at the bottom. The stomach is not severed as a narrow channel exists between the two, limiting the amount of food one can ingest and process at any given time. The person who undergoes AGB will feel full or sick if they attempt to eat more than the little pouch portion of their stomach can hold. The most well known alter name to this surgery is called Lap band surgery.
Pro: It is an easy procedure, quick to perform, the recovery time is fast, and it can be reversed easily by removing the band.
Cons: Studies show that people who have had this type of surgery lose weight more slowly than those who get the other surgeries.
What is Gastric Bypass Surgery?
Perhaps gastric bypass surgery is the most prevalent and best known of all the others, and for good reason. It utilizes the best technology and science from both restrictive weight loss procedures, such as we saw in the AGB where the stomach was divided into two parts – a small upper pouch and a larger lower pouch. The surgeon then connects the upper stomach to the small intestine. Smaller portions of food enter the body, and fewer calories, thus, are absorbed.
Pro’s – This is a quick melt version of weight loss surgery as up to 50% of the weight one loses who undergoes this type of surgery occurs quickly within the first 6 months. Many who undergo gastric bypass surgery see their quality of life improved as rapidly, in part because of the weight loss, but also because harmful physical conditions that are typically a result of being morbidly obese quickly heal as well, such as arthritis, high cholesterol, sleep apnea, heartburn, and more.
Con’s – Unfortunately, nutritional deficiencies can occur as one’s body may be unable to absorb all of the nutrients properly that pass through their system. As well, because of the small size of the upper chamber of your stomach, not all food gets processed and some enters the small intestine not completely digested. This may lead to nausea, diarrhea, bloating, pain and discomfort. However, the foods that typically end up early in the intestine are sugary and high in carbohydrates foods, keeping the body from absorbing their contents.
What is Sleeve Gastrectomy?
This procedure is also considered restrictive in that a large portion, up to 75%, of one’s stomach is surgically removed. What is left behind is a stomach that resembles a sleeve that is attached to the small intestine. For some, this surgical procedure is enough. For others, it is a precursor to gastric bypass or other weight loss surgeries.
Pro’s – One will not endure nutritional deficiencies following this procedure. Additionally, this is a lower-risk operation than gastric bypass and is often the first step to it for those who are ill or who are extremely obese.
Con’s – It is a rather new surgery so there is very little data on its long-term effects on patients. Plus, it is irreversible.
What is Biliopancreatic Diversion Surgery?
This may be the most radical of all the weight loss surgeries. Roughly 70% of one’s stomach is removed and a greater amount of the intestine is bypassed. A version of this surgery with a “duodenal switch” combined removes less of the stomach and intestine, which allows food to absorb more normal making sure the necessary nutrients are properly absorbed, and also prevents dumping and ulcers from forming.
Pro’s – If you want fast, long-term weight loss, this may be for you as 70% to 80% of one’s weight loss goal is not only met but sustained via this type of surgery. A larger portion of the stomach remains available for food, so this allows more consumption than what one gets after gastric bypass.
Con’s – Unless the duodenal switch is added, there is a great chance for malnutrition following this procedure, which is in part what makes it more radical. Dumping may also occur.
Quality of Life after Weight Loss Surgery
After all, isn’t this what one has weight loss surgery for? Bariatric surgeons love to see their patient’s during follow up in the months following weight loss surgery and hear their stories about how their lives have changed for the better. Most say they haven’t felt as healthy or vibrant in years, even decades. They look better, feel better, have a healthier lifestyle, do better at their job, are more active and attractive, and even find out they have more money to spend, or save, for other things. Their mental outlook becomes more positive, and often depression disappears. They
Weight loss surgery is something to seriously consider if you are sick and tired of being sick and tired of being controlled by weight and health problems.
Chad Smith writes for Medical Equipment and Services Review and specializes in educating others about medical equipment and medical services. He likes to write about his passion and educate others about what’s happening in the medical profession.