Biological samples attained from humans have always been an immensely useful thing to mankind all over the world, especially in case of professions that are closely related to the medical world. These samples serve a variety of purposes. They have the power to support many of the research fields like genomics with which work is being carried out on a greater level. Some fields of research involved in the personalized medicine also needs the application of biological samples at a greater level. These samples are major copies collected from the bio banks which are the main places of preserving them. The major advantage of these banks is applicable for the researchers. They can collect any kind of samples they want from these banks whenever they need it. These bio banks are found in a number of places. If you look around properly, you will see many of the bio banks in the universities, the hospitals, some of the nongovernmental organizations or even the companies that are deeply involved with pharmaceutical field.
i) Contribution of the Bio Banks
The bio banks do a lot of work in order to maintain these biological samples at the safest state. They carefully store it under the appropriate conditions and provide space for accessing the samples by means of documents. These documents mainly keep information about the donor so that the required specimen may be detected later properly. They preserve it with utmost care so that the samples do not get into subsequent deterioration after remaining in the suitable state for a period of time. Therefore the proper storage is done to prevent any sorts of physical damage, whether incidental pr intentional. The facility of storing biological samples in bio banks, rather the process of bio banking involves a lot of policy issues and maintenance issues with it.
ii) Classification of Bio Banks
Sometimes the classification of bio banks are also done according to the purposes they serve or the design of the storage they have. For example, some of the bio banks keep blood samples that are affected by some disease. Some other disease oriented samples may also be present in such banks. These kinds of bio banks are generally affiliated under some reputed hospital. Since they form an identity for themselves, they tend to represent many of the disease samples through which most of the biomarkers can carry out their research work. The researches in that case mostly stress on the causes, the symptoms and the remedies of that particular disease which they decide to work on later. Some of the biological samples that are kept by these kinds of bio banks are mainly blood samples, urine, tissues of any organ, skin cells and such others.
iii) Main Work of the Bio Banks
The extent of bio banking has advanced from the previous days. There are some bio banks which have come up that help in the genetic resource conservation, utilization of the genetic resources, bringing about advancement in the field of science and technology, especially related to any form of bio discovery or bio security and the management of the entire bio system. These generally lead to the discovery of the possible remedies for some of the rare kind of diseases or for those diseases which proved to be fatal till a previous date.
iv) Understanding the Suitability
It is very important to understand the benefits of the bio banks that immensely help in the preservation of biological samples. You should know the exact uses and the relevancy of the bio banks before you consult them for your need. There are many bio banks that you will find through the advertisements on the local newspapers or through the internet. Since all the bio banks have a special categorization, it is essential to check that whether you are searching the right one. Not only that, the biological specimens should be such that it suits your need in the work. In order to be sure of that, choosing the samples from a reputed bio bank is ideal. At the same time, you should keep in minds that each and every kind of biological sample may not show up the origin of certain parameters that may look unhealthy to you.
Bio banks have come to the mankind as a blessing. This is because most of the incurable diseases have now got wide variety of medicines only because the human specimens were preserved and vast contribution have been made to the medical field with the help of these biological samples.